Category Archives: Babies

EEG detects infant pain


Caroline Hartley and Oxford colleagues studied 72 infants during painful medical procedures.  Using EEG, they found a signature change in brain activity about a half-second after a painful stimulus. They seek to understand its use in monitoring and managing infant pain, as well as  the use of EEG in adult pain treatment.

EEG is more precise than current heart rate, oxygen saturation level, and facial expression pain assessment, which are affected by other stressful, non-painful events.

In one experiment, 11 out of 12 infants had a decreased pain-related EEG signal after doctors applied a topical anesthetic to their feet.  A new study uses EEG to test the efficacy of morphine in infants, whose skin and intestines absorb drugs differently than adults.

EEG is being miniaturized by companies such as Neurosteer, making it an increasingly viable option for continuous pain, attention, and consciousness monitoring and treatment optimization.

Join ApplySci at Wearable Tech + Digital Health + NeuroTech Boston on September 19, 2017 at the MIT Media Lab – featuring  Joi Ito – Ed Boyden – Roz Picard – George Church – Nathan Intrator –  Tom Insel – John Rogers – Jamshid Ghajar – Phillip Alvelda – Michael Weintraub – Nancy Brown – Steve Kraus – Bill Geary


Baby wearable gauges development, suggests interactions


ApplySci predicts significant growth in the use of wearables for babies, toddlers, and  pregnant moms.  The Smilables system combines a baby-worn ankle bracelet with an app for parents that suggests structured interactions.

The baby is monitored in real-time to identify the times that he/she would be most receptive to interventions.  Caregivers are alerted throughout the day.    The lesson modules are customized by age. The baby’s progress against childhood development standards are monitored and benchmarked.

The company, founded by former NeuroFocus (Nielsen Neuroscience) head A.K. Pradeep, has not yet unveiled details of its technology or child development benchmarks.

Wearable Tech + Digital Health San Francisco – April 5, 2016 @ the Mission Bay Conference Center

NeuroTech San Francisco – April 6, 2016 @ the Mission Bay Conference Center

The 2nd Annual Wearable Tech + Digital Health NYC – June 7, 2016 @ the New York Academy of Sciences

NeuroTech NYC – June 8, 2016 @the New York Academy of Sciences


Toward embryo brain activity tracking


Hari Shroff and NBIB colleagues have developed open-source 3D software that might lead to the ability to track a human embryo’s brain activity and development.

To date, the technology has only been tested on worms and will be part of a 4D neurodevelopmental “worm atlas” that attempts to catalogue the formation of a worm’s nervous system.

Shroff believes that  it will enable the understanding of fundamental mechanisms by which human  nervous systems assemble. He expects that the concepts, such combining neuronal data from multiple embryos, can be applied to additional model organisms.

Wearable Tech + Digital Health San Francisco – April 5, 2016 @ the Mission Bay Conference Center

NeuroTech San Francisco – April 6, 2016 @ the Mission Bay Conference Center

Wearable Tech + Digital Health NYC – June 7, 2016 @ the New York Academy of Sciences

NeuroTech NYC – June 8, 2016 @ the New York Academy of Sciences


Smart bottle monitors infant swallowing


A smart baby bottle by nfant uses sensors to measure a baby’s tongue strength while feeding.  Data is sent to a caregiver’s phone and stored in the cloud.  Tongue movements determine whether a baby in the NICU has the strength to switch from tube to bottle or breastfeeding.

ApplySci sees the  opportunity for the next generation of smart bottles to incorporate multiple infant-health parameters, such as those derived from saliva.



Wearable monitors newborns within 40 mile radius


WAAA!  is a text-based neonatal surveillance system developed by David Swann of the University of Huddersfield.  It is a finalist project of UNICEF’s Wearables for Good Challenge.

Appearance, pulse, grimace, activity and respiratory data is captured, via a patch, during the first day of life.  Any deterioration triggers an immediate text alert to a carer.

Globally, more than 1 million babies die on the first day of life – mostly due to preventable or treatable causes.  The developers of WAAA! believe that helping babies survive the first day of life is the best way to reduce child mortality.

The technology is capable of monitoring multiple newborns at distances up to 40 miles.  This can provide some level of care in the world’s  poorest and least served regions.

Simple sensor to prevent car-heat related deaths


All too often we hear about a baby, or person who is unable to speak for him/herself, being left in a hot car, and dying.  ApplySci applauds Evenflo for creating a car seat with a very simple notification sensor that could prevent this.

The Embrace DLX seat, with SensorSafe technology, generates a series of tones when a car is turned off, to remind us that a baby is still in the car.  The company has not described technology for disabled adults, but this is the obvious next step.

The tones are activated through a chest clip and wireless receiver. The receiver also sends alerts if the chest clip becomes unbuckled during transit.

Smart pacifier monitors baby’s health and location


BlueMaestro’s Pacifi monitors a baby’s temperature and transmits the data to a parent’s phone or tablet.  Its app plots the data in a graph.  Parents can record when medication was administered, set-up alerts, and share the information with nannies and doctors.

Pacifi features a built in proximity sensor that allows parents to monitor the pacifier’s location and be alerted if their toddler wanders off.  Parents can set the distance, to a range of 150 feet, for the alarm to be triggered.

Baby onesie tracks breathing, sleep, movement, temperature


Sensor based baby monitoring is receiving a lot of exposure at CES.  One such monitor, by Mimo baby, includes three parts: the Kimono, the Turtle and the Lilypad station. The Kimono is a cotton onesie, with machine washable sensors, worn by a baby when sleeping. It houses the Turtle, which tracks a baby’s respiration, skin temperature, body position and activity levels. The Turtle conveys the information via Bluetooth to the base station, called Lilypad, in the baby’s sleep room. The Lilypad is connected to the home Wi-Fi network.  It processes the information and transmits it to a smartphone app.

Sensor and smartphone based baby monitor


Sensible Baby’s “Smart One”  is a small, round sensor worn inside a newborn’s onesie. It constantly measures a baby’s temperature, position and chest movement, and sends the data to a smartphone app once per second.  Parents can program their app to set off an alert when the baby isn’t moving, reaches a temperature above a certain threshold, or is sleeping on its stomach.